Do you remember when you first read a book? Or maybe tried to spell out basic words like ‘apple’, ‘boy’ or ‘cat’? No. None of us ever look back at these things until the time comes to teach our children how to read, write or start with the basics of education. And that is very much okay. But whenever as a young parent we ponder upon the thought, ‘how to teach the child to read,’ it appears to us to be the most difficult task ever.
And quite simply, it obviously is. Once a child knows the basics, it is easy to teach him the other things. But how do we teach them the basics? We get lost over there.
Much opposite to what quite a few people believe, learning is not at all a natural process. It is instead a much complex one that requires the child to get properly trained in various skills and strategies. The first few among these skills and strategies being phonics and phonemic awareness.
But how to teach the child to read these basic phonetics? Well, the good news is that although it might seem to be very difficult, we broken it into ten simple and easy steps for you. These steps might appear to be a bit time consuming but they are also time-tested and will surely work out well for you.
How To Teach The Child To Read: Follow These Straightforward Steps
Build Their Phonemic Awareness With Nursery Songs And Rhymes
The rhyme and the rhythm that are there in children’s songs are a whole lot of fun. These help children to hear and understand the syllables and the words in the songs. These, in turn, help them to learn to read. Phonemic skills are an important part in learning to read and the nursery rhymes help acquire these phonemic skills. The rhythmic clapping, the unified recitation – all of this excite the children a lot while at the same time working on their awareness. It is not only a playful activity but also one of bonding. Many parents have tried this over the years and have got fruitful results. This activity surely develops their literacy skills while at the same time setting them up for successful reading.
Play Around With Simple Word Cards
Simple and single syllable words like ‘cat’, ‘mat’, ‘rat’, ‘bat’, etc are really a great choice to begin with your child’s reading process. You can cut out simple cards having three such words on it. Make sure to select words that have the same sound. Ask your child to pick one of the cards and then pronounce what is written on it. Engaging them in this manner will not only excite them but will also prevent them from getting bored and quitting. So, your child can learn something while having fun at the same time and that process is surely one of the best. This simple activity also helps them build on their basic phonic skills and also decoding skills. Again, when you are building these cards, focus on the sound that the words make, that is what makes it more fun.
Stock Up On Photos And Posters
Images intrigue children. So, if you have enough print media in your house, your child is sure to get excited by them and can start with their reading quite early. What do we mean by print media? Posters, photos with written text on it, drawings, drawing books and the likes. Basically, things that have images that will excite your child and at the same time grow his interest towards learning. This will help them build a connection between reading and hearing, or sounds and symbols. In time you can also start asking questions like, “What sound does that letter make?”, “What does this image stand for?” etc.
Play Word Games Whenever You Get The Time
Word games are a great way to build an amazing word bank – both for children and for adults. So, when your child is in the initial learning stage, engage them in word games. You can also do this in the car when you are traveling to some place. Besides, if you are playing word games at home, you can keep a scorecard. That helps to build a better attention and improves your child’s concentration towards the game. How does that help? With more attention and a better concentration, your child can really work hard to come up with a greater word count than yours in order to win the game! Doesn’t that sound fantastic?
Work On Learning The Core Skills Involved In How To Teach The Child To Read
Yes, before you can go on and about to teach your child to read, you need to work on your knowledge of the basic skills. There are five basic components of reading: phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, reading comprehension, and fluency. In order to teach your child how to read properly, you need to work one by one on these basic skills. Once they are aware and skilled enough in these basics, it will not only be easy for you to teach them other things, but their interest to know and learn about the world will be piqued automatically.
Letter Magnets Are A Great Way To Learn New Things While Having Fun
Center vowel sounds can be precarious for certain youngsters. This gives you all the more reason to try out letter magnets to increase their reading skillset. Hang up letter magnets on the refrigerator and pull the vowels aside (a, e, i, o, u). State a CVC word (consonant-vowel-consonant), for instance ‘pot’, and request that your kid spell it utilizing the magnets. To help them perform better, ask them to say out loud each word or each alphabet they pick. This, in turn, helps them improve their reading as well as phonetic skills. And within no time, your child will be an expert in reading and in filling the blanks!
Keep Your Child Engaged In Every Step
Learning to read and write can be an overwhelming process for children. While they are absolutely excited and pumped up to learn new things at first, they can feel really remorse when they hit the wall. At those times, it can seen almost impossible for parents to pull them out of their sulking zones. So, what do to when you hit the block? Get them engaged with exciting gifts on reaching a certain step. For example, if they read up a full page, you can give them a treat, if they finish reading the full chapter, you can make it a no-study day for them etc. You need to build their interest with such simple and engaging activities to encourage them to read more and learn more each day and work on making themselves better each day.
Read With Your Child And Do It Daily And Ask Questions To Each Other
A good Question and Answer session can be a fun and knowledgeable task for your children. So, take up a new book everyday and read it together for some time. This way your child won’t feel bored to read the same thing again and again and can take interest in the process of reading.
Many individuals don’t understand properly the number of skills that can be achieved through the straightforward act of reading to a kid. Not exclusively are you telling them the best way to sound out words, you’re additionally assembling key comprehension abilities, developing their jargon, and letting them hear what a familiar reader seems like. The best part is that regular reading helps your youngster to build up an affection towards reading, which is the most ideal approach to set them ready for reading achievement.
Fortify your youngster’s comprehensive abilities by asking questions while reading. For young kids, urge them to draw in with the photos (for example “Do you see the vessel? What shading is the cat?”). This way, you can make sure that they are properly engaged while you are reading something to them, thus improving their skills.
Help Them Memorize High-Frequency Sight Words In The Form Of Fun And Games
Sight words are ones that can’t be easily sounded out and should be recognised just at one glance. High‑frequency sight words are ones that can be seen often while reading and writing. A few examples include – you, I, we, am, had, and, to, the, have, they, where, was, does.
The procedure for learning sight words is, “See the word, say the words”. Figuring out how to distinguish and use sight words properly is basic for little youngsters to become familiar readers. Most youngsters will have the option to gain proficiency with a couple of sight words at four years old (for example is, it, my, me, no, see, and we) and around 20 sight words before the finish of their first year of school. You can encourage sight words by playing with cheat sheets and utilizing reading programs.
The Best Way To Teach Kids How To Read Is To Be Patient And Make It Fun
Each kid learns at their own pace. So, the best thing you can do for them in their learning phase is to make it a little less difficult and a bit more fun. Read up on all that you can do to make this learning phase more fun for your youngster. You can let them pick their own books occasionally and let them indulge in their interests.
Now that you know how to teach your child to read, you must also know of a few things to avoid while teaching your child how to read. Take a look at the ‘not-to-do’s’.
- When attempting to show a youngster how to read, don’t promptly go into an account of what the story is about. Read along with them and let them attempt to foresee what the story is about. Ask questions like what they think the title is about or what might occur in the following scene. Posing these questions would enable the kid to assemble their insight about the story and comprehend it better.
- When you finish a book with the kid, don’t promptly go to the following book and take a stab at a reading once more. Ask questions about the book and test how well they comprehended the content. Obviously, don’t continue asking them questions since they might be overpowered and exhaust their understanding limit.
- At the point when the kid reads, don’t quickly address them when they read something wrong. Keep a note on which words they will in general discover and train them after they read the page or the book.
It is significant you give youngsters time to read the book without interferences. In the event that you continue interfering them while they try to read, they don’t get the opportunity to test their aptitudes and simply center around you. Let the youngster test the words for themselves and sit tight for them to hit the nail on the head. At the point when they request your assistance, that is the main time you ought to stand up and show how the word is spoken.
There are a ton of things a youngster could learn through reading, particularly if it is done well. As a coach, you should have the option to tone back a little when showing a kid to read and let the youngster learn at their own pace, particularly if they are learning a significant language. Take them to the closest libraries and introduce them to the world of books. If you do it right, you may even assist these children grow great understanding propensities and get familiar with reading and learning faster than ever.